• Sex Differences in Early Childhood Growth in a Resource-limited Setting: A Secondary Analysis of the Early Life Interventions in Childhood Growth and Development In Tanzania Study

    2 days ago - By Nutrition

    AbstractBackgroundIn population-based growth surveys in sub-Saharan Africa, boys have higher rates of growth failure than girls.ObjectiveOur goal was to assess for the presence, timing and potential etiology of sex-based differences in length-for-age z-score , weight-for-age z-score and head-circumference-for-age z-score in a birth cohort in rural Tanzania.MethodsWe performed a secondary analysis of RCT data on 1084 children followed from age < 2 weeks-18 months, assessing anthropometry , illness (hospitalization and monthly maternal report of symptoms) and feeding (monthly maternal report...
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  • Anemia Etiology in Ethiopia: Assessment of Nutritional, Infectious Disease, and Other Risk Factors in a Population-based Cross-sectional Survey of Women, Men, and Children

    2 days ago - By Nutrition

    AbstractBackgroundWhile the causes of anemia at an individual level (such as certain nutritional deficiencies, infections, and genetic disorders) are well defined, there is limited understanding of the relative burden of anemia attributable to each cause within populations.ObjectiveTo estimate the proportion of anemia cases attributable to nutritional, infectious disease, and other risk factors among women, men, and children in six regions of Ethiopia.MethodsA population-based cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were obtained from 2520 women of reproductive age , 1,044 adult men...
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