• Probiotics in routine clinical care of moderately preterm infants

    8 days ago - By American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

    Although outcomes of preterm infants have improved over time, neonatal morbidities remain common and contribute to adverse long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes ( 1 ). The vulnerability of preterm infants to many morbidities is thought to be, in part, related to abnormal development of the intestinal microbiome. Whereas the intestine of breastfed full-term infants is colonized by commensal bacteria including Bifidobacterium spp. that are specially adapted to the infant gut, the microbiome of hospitalized preterm infants is typically dominated by facultative anaerobes including...
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  • Trends in respiratory management and morbidities of very preterm or very low birth weight infants from 2000 to 2013: results from a Portuguese tertiary level Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

    8 days ago - By Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine

    Summary: Considerable progress has been made regarding children's morbidity and mortality. Nonetheless, recent developments have been insufficient to meet set targets. This study aims to evaluate trends and outcomes in respiratory management following a 14-year collaboration with the Vermont Oxford Network .
    Methods: Data were collected prospectively at a Level III NICU in the North of Portugal and submitted to the VON between 2000 and 2013. The primary outcome was bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Pneumothorax and respiratory distress syndrome were secondary outcomes.
    Results: A total of 323...
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