• Facial synkinesis outcome measures: a systematic review of the available grading systems and a Delphi study to identify the steps towards a consensus

    2 monthes ago - By Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery

    Introduction: Facial synkinesis is characterised by abnormal and unintentional co-contractions of facial muscles caused by aberrant facial nerve healing, usually as a sequalae of facial palsy. The aim of this project is to propose a consensus for reporting this condition in the literature to facilitate the conduction of primary and secondary evidence studies, considering that no previous research has inquired in to this matter.Methods: A systematic literature search was performed in MEDLINE and EMBASE databases, considering all the published articles on facial synkinesis.
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