• BTX Ability To Contract Dermal Fibroblasts Varies by Formulation and Dilution

    12 days ago - By Surgical Aesthetics Magazine

    Intradermal botulinum toxin injections can cause dermal fibroblast contraction, providing a lifting effect for facial rejuvenation, but this effect varies based on brand and dilution. In an effort to determine how-and whether-intradermal botulinum toxins create visible lifting in the midface, researchers Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha MD, MA, MSc, et al, treated normal human dermal fibroblasts with onabotulinumtoxin , abobotulinumtoxin , prabotulinumtoxinA , incobotulinumtoxinA , and letibotulinumtoxin A in varying dilutions. They then photographed and measured the length of the fibroblasts...
    Read more ...