• Chest Surgery for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Individuals

    19 days ago - By The Clinics

    Chest surgery can greatly facilitate the experience of living in a gender role. For transfeminine chest surgery, most surgeons recommend a 12-month period of feminizing hormone therapy prior to breast augmentation. For those who already have some breast volume due to hormone treatment, lipofilling can be a good option. Transmasculine chest surgery includes mastectomy and creation of a male chest. Preoperative parameters to be evaluated include breast volume, degree of excess skin, nipple-areola complex size and position, and skin elasticity. The algorithm the authors developed and modified...
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  • Breast and Body Contouring for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Individuals

    19 days ago - By The Clinics

    Even after long-term hormone therapy, many transwomen still have challenges in the size and shape of their breasts and also of the contour of their trunk areas. Though distinct anthropomorphic differences in skeletal structure exist and pose limitations to an ideal result, considerable improvements can be obtained through breast augmentation and trunk feminization. There are challenges that are unique to the transfeminine chest and trunk, and important considerations for the priority of fat grafting to the buttocks and hips when grafted fat is in short supply.
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